What is Prostate?
The prostate is a gland that produces some of the fluid that carries sperm during ejaculation. The
prostate gland surrounds the urethra, the tube through which urine passes out of the body.
What you should know
Because the prostate gland tends to grow larger with age, it may squeeze the urethra and cause
problems in passing urine. Sometimes men in their 30s and 40s may begin to have these urinary
symptoms and need medical attention. For others, symptoms aren't noticed until much later in life.
An infection or a tumor can also make the prostate larger. Be sure to tell your doctor if you have
any of the urinary symptoms listed below.
Tell your doctor if you have these urinary symptoms:
- Are passing urine more during the day
- Have an urgent need to pass urine
- Have less urine flow
- Feel burning when you pass urine
- Need to get up many times during the night to pass urine
Growing older raises your risk of prostate problems. The three most common prostate problems are
inflammation (prostatitis), enlarged prostate (BPH, or benign prostatic hyperplasia), and prostate
One change does not lead to another. For example, having prostatitis or an enlarged prostate does
not increase your risk of prostate cancer. It is also possible for you to have more than one
condition at the same time.
Complications include it being Prostate Cancer. Prostate cancer means that cancer cells form in the
tissues of the prostate. Prostate cancer tends to grow slowly compared with most other cancers. Cell
changes may begin 10, 20, or even 30 years before a tumour gets big enough to cause symptoms.
Eventually, cancer cells may spread (metastasize). By the time symptoms appear, the cancer may
already be advanced.
This first step lets the doctor hear and understand the "story" of your prostate concerns. You will
be asked whether you have symptoms, how long you have had them, and how much they affect your
lifestyle. Your personal medical history also includes any risk factors, pain, fever, or trouble
passing urine. You may be asked to give a urine sample for testing. Your symptoms may change over
time, so be sure to tell your doctor about any new changes.